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Previous Patriarchs


  He succeeded Patriarch Gerasimos II of Alexandria, and was faced with the problem of the parallel election of another Patriarch of Alexandria, Kosmas of Klavdiopolis, by the Ecumenical Patriachate, who also received a Sultan’s notice in support of the latter. Two years later the new Ecumenical Patriarch Kyprianos II accepted Samuel as the proper Patriarch of Alexandria. He fell asleep in September 1723.



       He was distinguished for his preaching, having written a great number of homilies.    He was accused of innovation during the Divine Liturgy, at the point of the sanctification of the Precious Gifts, which brought on a reaction from the Ecumenical Patriarch as well as the ending of the misunderstanding. He resigned from his duties on 20th January 1710 because of old age. He is honoured as a Saint of the Church.

PARTHENIOS I (1678-1688)

    He served as Metropolitan of Nazareth under the name Prochoros. Following the resignation of the Patriarch Paisios of Alexandria he was elected Patriarch and received the name Parthenios. He visited Moldavia and Vlachia to look for money, having been convinced by the Arab governors of Egypt to do so. He was crushed in the ruins of the home he lived in following a strong earthquake and died in Smyrna on 30th June 1688.

PAISIOS (1657-1677)

     He went to Moscow following an invitation by Tsar Alexios (1645-1670), in order to participate in a Synod which condemned Patriarch Nikon of Moscow for violating his duties. He secured significant financial assistance  for the Patriarchate of Alexandria from the Tsar. In the year 1678 he resigned from the Patriarchal Throne because of old age.

IOANNIKIOS (1645-1657)

      During his tenure as Patriarch the tensions regarding the Sinai Dependency of Cairo continued and required the intervention of Sultan Mohammed IV (1648-1687) in support of the Sinai monks. Patriarch Ioannikios fell asleep on 15th September 1657 from the plague.

NIKIPHOROS (1639-1645)

 During his tenure as Patriarch, more friction arose with the Hierarchs of Sinai, who continued to perform religious ceremonies at the Sinai Dependency of Cairo, without the essential permission of the Patriarch of Alexandria. When Nikiphoros was away in Moldovlachia they attained the relative permission from the Ecumenical Patriarch Parthenios I, who was later forced to retract it, following a protest by Patriarch Nikiphoros and the intervention of Basilios, governor of Moldovlachia. He fell asleep unexpectedly in April 1645.


        He was distinguished for his great education. He participated in the general Church issues of the 17th century, collaborating with Kyrillos Loukaris, Patriarch of Constantinople.


         He co-authored many letters, homilies and theological essays. At a local Synod in Cairo , he condemned the Latin propaganda against the Christians of Egypt.  He approached the Protestant Christians of the West, in order to restrain the activities of proselytism of the Roman Catholic monks. He was later condemned for these actions by the former Patriarch of Constantinople, Timothy II. In 1612, he was elected “Supervisor” of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. He saw to more general inter-Christian and inter-Church issues. He was elected Patriarch of Constantinople in 1620.

MELETIOS PIGAS (1590-1601)

          He was the Chancellor of the Patriarchate of Alexandria during the Patriarchal tenure of Sylvester, his predecessor, whom he succeeded to the Patriarchal Throne. He faced overwhelming financial debts of the Church to the Sultan. He also stood against the activities of proselytism by the Jesuit monks against the Orthodox Christians of Egypt.  He participated in the work of the Local Synod in 1593 in Constantinople , on the ratification of the establishment of a Russian Patriarchate. He tried to bring about the unity of the Copts of Egypt and Ethiopia ( Abyssinia ) with the Orthodox, but also saw to more general pastoral, inter-Christian and inter-Church issues. He was also the “Supervisor” of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. He died aged 52 and is honoured as a Saint of the Church.

SYLVESTER (1569-1590)

              He came from Crete . During his tenure, the Church of Alexandria enjoyed prosperity.

JOACHIM I PANY (1487-1567)

           A virtuous and wise man of the church. He was elected Patriarch of Alexandria when he was 38 years old. When Egypt was occupied by the Turk Sultan Selim I (1512-1520), Father Joachim received a guarantee securing all Patriarchal privileges. He maintained communications with the Tsarist dynasty of Russia , from whom he received financial support for the Patriarchal Throne. Through the instigation of the Synod of Constantinople (1544), he appointed that each subsequent Archbishop of Sinai be ordained by the Patriarch of Jerusalem. He died aged 119 (1567). He is honoured as a Saint of the Church.

MARK VI (1459-1484)

             He condemned the unity of the Churches and in 1467 he sent two monks to Crete to enlighten the locals against Latin propaganda.

PHILOTHEUS (1435-1459)

         He rejected the unifying Synod of Florence (1439). He participated in the Synod of Jerusalem (1443) which condemned the unity of Churches as false and invalid.

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